For a duration of about 30 years, from 1915 to 1945, Rash Behari Bose fought tirelessly for the independence of his beloved motherland. His struggle for India took place in Japan with the main base located in Tokyo. There are places that you might like to visit in Tokyo, which are associated closely to Rash Behari Bose and his Indian independence movement.

増上寺 Zōjō-ji


Rash Behari Bose’s funeral was held here. Please visit this temple and pray for him who died from illness, longing for his mother land, on January 21, 1945.

東郷神社 Tōgō Shrine


The Headquarters of Indian Independence League and Indian National Army was located very close to this shrine until 1945, until it was bombed down and incinerated by Britain. This shrine is dedicated to Admiral Togo Heihachiro, and has pictures explaining the Japan-Russo War. Rash Behari Bose’s Indian independence movement started from Japan’s victory in 1905. Please pray for god who protected the souls of heroes of Indian Independence.

穏田神社 Onden Shrine


This is the only place where the name Onden, the address of IIL/INA is kept here. You will feel the spiritual presence of Rash Behari Bose here. Please pray here.

靖国神社 Yasukuni Shrine


The 2,466,584 spirit of those people who dedicated their lives for the protection of Japan between 1853-1945 is worshiped here. Masahide Bharatchandra Bose, Rash Behari Bose’s son, is also worshiped here. There should be many other sons of Indian independence fighters and Japanese wives, but yet to be found by Indians. Please pray for the real heroic freedom fighters of India who died for the humanity.

築地本願寺 Tsukuji Hongan-ji


A funeral/memorial was held here for the Indian freedom fighters who were traveling from Taiwan to Tokyo in order to attend the first conference of IIL/INA in March 1942. It was hosted by Toyama Mitsuru and two others. Please feel their presence here. The temple display photos and pictures of Carpet Bombings of Tokyo (1945) . Please pay respect to Indian freedom fighters.

ナイルレストラン Nair Restaurant

1941年から1945年にボースが亡くなるまで精力的にインド独立運動を続けたA.M.ナイルが1949年に開業したレストランです。店には、ガラスケースに入った書籍が展示してあり、2階には彼と彼の子どもたちが右端に描かれている壁絵があります。店の経営は次男のG.M.ナイル氏と孫のナイル 善己氏。毎年2月はインドに帰国のため店が閉まっているので気をつけてください。インド独立運動の歴史が詰まったレストランです。是非雰囲気を味わってください。

A.M. Nair, Rash Behari Bose’s right hand man from 1941until1945, without whom IIL/INA may not have existed, opened Nair Restaurant in Ginza in 1949. In the first floor, you will see glass case full of books telling histories of Nairs. At the second floor, you will see a mural (picture of A.M. Nair and his sons at the bottom right corner.) Presently run by his second son G.M. Nair and his grandson Yoshimi Nair. Please enjoy the atmosphere of Indian independence fighter’s spirit still alive here. (The restaurant is closed the whole month of February.)

東京都復興記念館 Tokyo Fukkō Kinenkan


September 1, 1923, Great Kantō earthquake and fires claimed 105,385 lives and 372,659 houses were destroyed. Rash Behari Bose lost his house and everything he owned in this fire. It was only 2 weeks after Britain officially terminated Anglo-Japanese Alliance.

そして、1944年11月24日から1945年8月15日の間に東京は106回もの無差別空爆を受け、東京だけでもアメリカとイギリスの手で116,959人の民間人が殺され、109,567人が負傷、 770,090軒が焼き尽くされました。ラス・ビハリ・ボースの家族親類の家もインド独立連盟・インド国民軍の総司令部も跡形なく無くなりました。

Between November 24, 1944 and August 15, 1945, Tokyo was subjected 106 carpet bombings. British and Americans murdered 116,959 civilians, injured 109,567, and destroyed 770,090 buildings. Amongst those were IIL/INA Headquarters, Rash Behari Bose’s family and relative’s homes.


The government of India has not released any number as to how many Indian freedom fighters and their families lost their lives, but it is certain many Indian hero’s spirits are worshiped here. Please visit the museum and temple located there, feel what they went through and pray. (Indian government may not even fave any data available for Indian freedom fighters in Japan who fought tirelessly against Britain. After all, the Indian government was only established in 1947 as a member of Commonwealth of nations headed by Britain, making eternal allegiance to Britain.)

上野精養軒 Ueno Seiyōken


Rash Behari Bose held a banquet of Japan-India Friendship with LaLa Rajpat Rai at Ueno Seiyōken on November 27, 1915. Immediately after this event, British started sending killers to Rash Behari Bose. In those days, Ueno Seiyōken had one of the most prestigious restaurants and reception halls in Japan. It is here that Indians, who were residing in Japan, put the first big effort trying to reach out to Japanese and convince them to understand the absolute necessity for India to be freed from Britain. Ueno Seiyōken is the very place that Rash Behari Bose resumed the struggle of Indian independence in Japan.

多磨霊園 Tama Rei-en


Rash Behari Bose’s grave can be found here. It is a little away from the main core of Tokyo, but please pay a visit.

パール下中記念館 Pal-Shimonaka Memorial Hall


A.M. Nair, Rash Behari Bose’s right hand man, who was one of the most crucial figures in IIL/INA assisted Judge Radhabinod Pal in Tokyo Tribunal. Similar to Bose, Judge Pal was from Bengal, he was same age and from same state as Rash Behari Bose. Seven Japanese were hung by Britain and America as class A criminals (crime against peace — anybody can be charged with this crime). One of the victims, Tojo Hideki made an announcement and acted on giving complete support for Indian independence. Judge Pal, although he was representing British India, an enemy of Japan, he alone gave non-guilty verdict, yet was completely ignored by British and Americans.


Shimonaka Yasaburo is the founder of Heibon-sha publishing house. He was a big supporter of India and even after his death, Shimonaka Foundation has been giving helping hands to Indian learners of Japanese language. And, Heibon-sha publishing house published “Shikkoku no Indo” by Rash Behari Bose in 1933.


Valuable artefacts of the Tokyo tribunal are kept there, but are allowed to decompose with time. Please visit there as early as you can and take lots of pictures. There are no attendants, and require appointment in advance.

大東文化大学東松山キャンパス Daitō Bunka Daigaku Higashimatsuyama Campus


Rash Behari Bose’s valuable photos, books, news paper articles, magazines, etc., which were donated by his daughter Higuchi Tetsu are kept at this library. An appointment is necessary, and it takes lots of time go go through the materials. Some of them are in poor condition and are decomposing. So, it is a good idea to visit there as early as you can manage. From the pictures, you can imagine how many Indian freedom fighters were active in Japan. Many of them died in Japan. Please keep that in mind and pay respect.

国立国会図書館 National Diet Library


In this library almost all publications related to Rash Behari Bose can be found. There also hundreds of documents written about him, IIL/INA and India during colonial oppression. Some are accessible over the Internet, but many of them can be viewed only at the library, even if they are archived electronically. There are restaurants and stores, serving refreshments, drinks and meals.

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